Chapter 12—Does Practice Make Perfect? (pages 250–276)
Read the Chapter. Write your response by Thursday. Reply to at least 2 people’s posts. at least 3 that seem interesting, provocative, that you agree with, or otherwise wish to acknowledge. At least one of your responses should be written after Thursday when everyone has had a chance to post. Ideally, you’ll participate on at least three different days. @sjmasline @pattijohnson
What to Look for
The big question C& M (2011) raise in chapter 12 is should instructional designers include practice in their instruction.
The short answer- YES!
But, it is best for long term learning for the practice to be spaced throughout the instruction and combined with some prior multimedia principles, we have learned.
C & M discuss interactions, which are practice events. DEFINITION: structured opportunities for the learners to engage with the content by responding to a question or taking an action to solve a problem. (Clark & Mayer, 2011, pp. 467)
The instructor must consider the psychological effectiveness of the event vs. the format of the event. Deliberate practice involves five basic elements:
(1) Effortful exertion to improve performance
(2) Intrinsic motivation to engage in the task
(3) Tailored tasks that focus on weaknesses
(4) Feedback that provides knowledge of results
(5) Continued repetition. (Clark & Mayer, 2011, pp. 256)
C & M also presented six principles of practice:
 Principle 1- Add sufficient practice interactions
 Principle 2- Mirror the job
 Principle 3- Provide effective feedback
 Principle 4 - Distribute and mix practice among learning events
 Principle 5- Apply multimedia principles
 Principle 6- Transition from examples to practice gradually
Research concludes some of the following ideas:
• Practice can lead to growth, but it does not necessarily lead to proficiency.
• Practice is necessary, but will not guarantee competency.
• Practice does not equal expertise but deliberate practice does.
#Now, it’s your turn to practice: - You are currently creating an assessment in your moodle course. Add an example of practice that corresponds with C & M’s ideas about practice. Also, add a description of how you would use feedback for your practice example. Share your practice and how you applied the principles with the class. You can use screen shots if that helps.